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  MANSFIELD PARK

  (1814)

  By Jane Austen

  CHAPTER I

  About thirty years ago Miss Maria Ward, of Huntingdon, with only seventhousand pounds, had the good luck to captivate Sir Thomas Bertram, ofMansfield Park, in the county of Northampton, and to be thereby raisedto the rank of a baronet's lady, with all the comforts and consequencesof an handsome house and large income. All Huntingdon exclaimed on thegreatness of the match, and her uncle, the lawyer, himself, allowed herto be at least three thousand pounds short of any equitable claim to it.She had two sisters to be benefited by her elevation; and such of theiracquaintance as thought Miss Ward and Miss Frances quite as handsome asMiss Maria, did not scruple to predict their marrying with almost equaladvantage. But there certainly are not so many men of large fortune inthe world as there are pretty women to deserve them. Miss Ward, at theend of half a dozen years, found herself obliged to be attached tothe Rev. Mr. Norris, a friend of her brother-in-law, with scarcely anyprivate fortune, and Miss Frances fared yet worse. Miss Ward's match,indeed, when it came to the point, was not contemptible: Sir Thomasbeing happily able to give his friend an income in the living ofMansfield; and Mr. and Mrs. Norris began their career of conjugalfelicity with very little less than a thousand a year. But Miss Francesmarried, in the common phrase, to disoblige her family, and by fixing ona lieutenant of marines, without education, fortune, or connexions, didit very thoroughly. She could hardly have made a more untoward choice.Sir Thomas Bertram had interest, which, from principle as well aspride--from a general wish of doing right, and a desire of seeing allthat were connected with him in situations of respectability, he wouldhave been glad to exert for the advantage of Lady Bertram's sister; buther husband's profession was such as no interest could reach; and beforehe had time to devise any other method of assisting them, an absolutebreach between the sisters had taken place. It was the natural result ofthe conduct of each party, and such as a very imprudent marriage almostalways produces. To save herself from useless remonstrance, Mrs. Pricenever wrote to her family on the subject till actually married. LadyBertram, who was a woman of very tranquil feelings, and a temperremarkably easy and indolent, would have contented herself with merelygiving up her sister, and thinking no more of the matter; but Mrs.Norris had a spirit of activity, which could not be satisfied till shehad written a long and angry letter to Fanny, to point out the folly ofher conduct, and threaten her with all its possible ill consequences.Mrs. Price, in her turn, was injured and angry; and an answer, whichcomprehended each sister in its bitterness, and bestowed such verydisrespectful reflections on the pride of Sir Thomas as Mrs. Norriscould not possibly keep to herself, put an end to all intercoursebetween them for a considerable period.

  Their homes were so distant, and the circles in which they moved sodistinct, as almost to preclude the means of ever hearing of eachother's existence during the eleven following years, or, at least, tomake it very wonderful to Sir Thomas that Mrs. Norris should ever haveit in her power to tell them, as she now and then did, in an angryvoice, that Fanny had got another child. By the end of eleven years,however, Mrs. Price could no longer afford to cherish pride orresentment, or to lose one connexion that might possibly assist her.A large and still increasing family, an husband disabled for activeservice, but not the less equal to company and good liquor, and a verysmall income to supply their wants, made her eager to regain the friendsshe had so carelessly sacrificed; and she addressed Lady Bertram ina letter which spoke so much contrition and despondence, such asuperfluity of children, and such a want of almost everything else, ascould not but dispose them all to a reconciliation. She was preparingfor her ninth lying-in; and after bewailing the circumstance, andimploring their countenance as sponsors to the expected child, shecould not conceal how important she felt they might be to the futuremaintenance of the eight already in being. Her eldest was a boy of tenyears old, a fine spirited fellow, who longed to be out in the world;but what could she do? Was there any chance of his being hereafteruseful to Sir Thomas in the concerns of his West Indian property?No situation would be beneath him; or what did Sir Thomas think ofWoolwich? or how could a boy be sent out to the East?

  The letter was not unproductive. It re-established peace and kindness.Sir Thomas sent friendly advice and professions, Lady Bertram dispatchedmoney and baby-linen, and Mrs. Norris wrote the letters.

  Such were its immediate effects, and within a twelvemonth a moreimportant advantage to Mrs. Price resulted from it. Mrs. Norris wasoften observing to the others that she could not get her poor sister andher family out of her head, and that, much as they had all done for her,she seemed to be wanting to do more; and at length she could not butown it to be her wish that poor Mrs. Price should be relieved from thecharge and expense of one child entirely out of her great number. "Whatif they were among them to undertake the care of her eldest daughter,a girl now nine years old, of an age to require more attention than herpoor mother could possibly give? The trouble and expense of it to themwould be nothing, compared with the benevolence of the action." LadyBertram agreed with her instantly. "I think we cannot do better," saidshe; "let us send for the child."

  Sir Thomas could not give so instantaneous and unqualified a consent. Hedebated and hesitated;--it was a serious charge;--a girl so brought upmust be adequately provided for, or there would be cruelty insteadof kindness in taking her from her family. He thought of his own fourchildren, of his two sons, of cousins in love, etc.;--but no soonerhad he deliberately begun to state his objections, than Mrs. Norrisinterrupted him with a reply to them all, whether stated or not.

  "My dear Sir Thomas, I perfectly comprehend you, and do justice to thegenerosity and delicacy of your notions, which indeed are quite of apiece with your general conduct; and I entirely agree with you inthe main as to the propriety of doing everything one could by way ofproviding for a child one had in a manner taken into one's own hands;and I am sure I should be the last person in the world to withhold mymite upon such an occasion. Having no children of my own, who should Ilook to in any little matter I may ever have to bestow, but the childrenof my sisters?--and I am sure Mr. Norris is too just--but you know I ama woman of few words and professions. Do not let us be frightened froma good deed by a trifle. Give a girl an education, and introduceher properly into the world, and ten to one but she has the means ofsettling well, without farther expense to anybody. A niece of ours, SirThomas, I may say, or at least of _yours_, would not grow up in thisneighbourhood without many advantages. I don't say she would be sohandsome as her cousins. I dare say she would not; but she would beintroduced into the society of this country under such very favourablecircumstances as, in all human probability, would get her a creditableestablishment. You are thinking of your sons--but do not you know that,of all things upon earth, _that_ is the least likely to happen, broughtup as they would be, always together like brothers and sisters? It ismorally impossible. I never knew an instance of it. It is, in fact, theonly sure way of providing against the connexion. Suppose her a prettygirl, and seen by Tom or Edmund for the first time seven years hence,and I dare say there would be mischief. The very idea of her having beensuffered to grow up at a distance from us all in poverty and neglect,would be enough to make either of the dear, sweet-tempered boys in lovewith her. But breed her up with them from this time, and suppose hereven to have the beauty of an angel, and she will never be more toeither than a sister."

  "There is a great deal of truth in what you say," replied Sir Thomas,"and far be it from me to throw any fanciful impediment in the way of aplan which would be so consistent with the relative situations of each.I only meant to observe that it ought not to be lightly engaged in,and that to make it really servicea